Language INSULA. 1(2).2021 2021

УКРАЇНСЬКІ МУЗЕЙНІ ВИДАННЯ КІНЦЯ ХІХ – ПЕРШОЇ ТРЕТИНИ ХХ СТОЛІТТЯ: ДІАЛОГ З ЧИТАЧЕМ

Author: Чергік Наталія

Annotation: Аnalyzes the context and the features of acquisition during the first two decades of the 21st century of the historical and cultural heritage status to a number of artifacts which are on display in the expositions of the Belarusian state museums. The status of historical and cultural heritage correlates with international standards in this field.

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CHAIRMЕN OF KAMYANSKA AND OLESHKIVSKA SICHES: PRO-RUSSIAN AND PROTATARIAN POSITIONS

Author: Мірущенко Олександр

Annotation: The article considers the policy of Kіsh otamans during the Sich stay under the Tatar protectorate. The viewpoints of the Zaporozhian officers about this period are analyzed, proRussian and proTatar positions are determined, the list of Kіsh otamans of the Crimean period is specified.

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TO THE BIOGRAPHY OF PRINCE BOHDAN FEDOROVYCH HLYNSKY

Author: Чередниченко Михайло

Annotation: Prince Hlynsky’s military and administrative activity aimed at protecting the state and his own interests in the positions of Cherkasy and later Putyvl statesmen is reproduced on the basis of documentary sources. Researchers briefly touched on the period of Bohdan Hlynsky's governor post in Putyvl. This period of Bohdan's life is reproduced on the basis of documents from recently published register books of Lithuanian metrics.

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KAMYANSKA AND OLESHKIVSKA SICHES, AND THE CONSTITUTION OF PYLYP ORLYK. WRITING AND WAYS OF IMPLEMENTATION

Author: Лопушинський Андрій

Annotation: The article examines the degree of involvement of Cossacks from the Lower Dnieper, who were not directly in Bendery, in the preparation of the Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk. The locations of the Cossacks on the Lower Dnieper in 1710 are analyzed. It is considered which articles of the Constitution were executed on the territory of Freedoms of the Zaporizhia Lowland Army. The list of Kosh atamans during 1709-1734 is being specified. The place of concluding the treaty of friendship and military alliance between the Army of Zaporizhia and the Crimean Khanate in 1711 is being located.

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ДО ПИТАННЯ ПРО ІКОНОСТАС ПОКРОВСЬКОЇ ЦЕРКВИ НОВОЇ СІЧІ

Author: Surchenko Oleksandr

Annotation: The problem of the iconostasis of the Church of the Intercession of the New Sich is investigated. The references in the sources and historical literature about the «Sich iconostasis» in general, and about the accompanying objects that are directly related to it, are analyzed. Given the insufficient amount of material about the iconostasis of the Sich church, an attempt is made to reproduce the approximate general appearance of the monument, and some components in particular, as well as to determine the main features and characteristics of the iconostasis complex. Information about the iconostasis during the existence of the Underground Sich and the fate of the monument after the cessation of the Zaporozhian Cossacks is considered.

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ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ТРАДИЦІЙНОГО КОСТЮМУ МЕНОНІТІВ КОЛОНІЇ ІНЗЕЛЬ ХОРТИЦЯ

Author: Пачковська Олена

Annotation: The article coves the issues of traditional clothing of the Mennonites of the Inzel Khortytsia colony according to the memories of the residents and guests of the colony.

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ТИПОЛОГІЯ ЧОТИРИРОГИХ ЯКОРІВ ДНІПРОВСЬКОЇ ГРЕБНОЇ ФЛОТИЛІЇ 1736-1739 РР. ЗА МОРФОЛОГІЧНИМИ ТА МЕТРИЧНИМИ ОЗНАКАМИ

Author: Кобалія Дмитро

Annotation: The article is dedicated to the metric and morphological analysis of the complex of grapnel anchors used by the Dnieper rowing flotilla during the Russo-Turkish war in 1736-1739. Having studied the collection of 66 items, the author concludes that the grapnels are two-thirds of the total, which is generally typical for rowing fleets. They can be divided into 4 types, each of them having subtypes. Despite clear morphological differences, it is not possible to establish stable correlation between metrics. Most of the characteristics show noticeable fluctuations not only between different types but within the same type. It is probable that the main criterions in the production of the anchor were its weight and general proportions. A significant difference in the approaches to the manufacture of the grapnels and two-armed anchors, which at that time had a clear standardization, indicates a lag in the production of two-armed anchors, used mostly in river navigation, both in theory and in practice.

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O.V. BODYANSKY’S RESEARCH OF THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES MONUMENTS NEAR THE VILLAGE FEDORIVKA, ZAPORIZHZHYA REGION

Author: Шелеметьєва Тетяна

Annotation: The article considers the history of research of the archeological monument near the village Fedorivka, Zaporizhzhya region. A description of the findings is provided. Objects found near the village of Fedorivka are entered in scientific circulation and stored in the fund collection of the Khortytsya National Reserve.

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The results of fieldwalking reconnaissance on the territory of the Kamyanka Sich and the surrounding areas near the villages of Respublicanets in 2020.

Author: Волков Анатолій

Annotation: The paper describes the main results of the archaeological researches conducted in 2020 on the territory of the Kamyanka Sich and the surrounding areas near the villages of Respublicanets (Beryslavsky district, Khersonska oblast). Specialists of the National Reserve Khortytsya investigated the site, which dates back to the Scythian period, and conducted a preservation survey on the territory of the former Sich.

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АМАТОРСЬКІ МЕТОДИ РЕСТАВРАЦІЇ КЕРАМІКИ ТА ФАРФОРУ В ПОБУТІ

Author: Петрашина Поліна

Annotation: The author makes the review of restoration materials and technologies used during the domestic restoration of earthenwares out of museums and restoration centers, and some of the obsolete restoration technologies. Knowledge about such materials and their physical and chemical properties helps restorators during the derestoration, which means the removal of tracks of old restoration, the moral and material term of that exhausted itself.

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Review of photo collection devoted to DniproHES from the fund collection of National reserve "Khortytsya"

Author: Будникова Аліна

Annotation:

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Antiques with the status of historical and cultural heritage in Belarusian museums in the XXI century

Author: KAZANINA Viola

Annotation: Аnalyzes the context and the features of acquisition during the first two decades of the 21st century of the historical and cultural heritage status to a number of artifacts which are on display in the expositions of the Belarusian state museums. The status of historical and cultural heritage correlates with international standards in this field.

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STADIAL-SOTERIOLOGICAL STRUCTURRE OF FOLKLORE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN BELARUS AND LITHUANIA

Author: Kalatsei Viachaslau

Annotation: The purpose of this article is the structural comparison of similar elements of belarusian and lithuanian folklore. This is done in the context of the stages of the historical process at which these elements were formed. Particular attention is paid to these elements as the oral and intangible heritage of people, as well as their soteriological significance.

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